China’s treatment of its Uighur population violates each provision of the United Nations’ (UN) genocide convention, according to a damning new report published on Tuesday by dozens of international law, genocide and Chinese ethnic policies experts.
The report, published by the Newlines Institute for Strategy and Policy, is the first independent legal analysis comparing the UN’s’ convention on genocide to the claims of human rights abuses committed by China against its Muslim minority Uighur population in northwestern Xinjiang region.
“This report concludes that the People’s Republic of China bears State responsibility for committing genocide against the Uighurs in breach of the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide based on an extensive review of the available evidence and application of international law to the evidence of the facts on the ground,” the document said.
The experts examined evidence against the UN convention, which states genocide occurs when acts are committed with “the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.”
According to the convention, genocide is committed in one of five ways: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting group conditions of life to bring about physical destruction; imposing measures to prevent birth; and forcibly transferring children from the group to another.
The report found that China has breached each of those five provisions under Article II of the genocide convention “based on clear and convincing standard of proof.”
“The persons and entities perpetrating these acts of genocide are all State organs or agents under Chinese law, acting in their official capacities, or under the effective control of the State,” the report said. “Therefore, China bears State responsibility for an ongoing genocide against the Uighurs, in breach of the Genocide Convention.” SOVEREIGNPH