The number of Americans applying for unemployment benefits tumbled last week to 576,000, a low figure amid the coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic and a hopeful sign that layoffs are easing as the economy recovers from the pandemic recession.
The US Labor Department said Thursday that applications by 193,000 from a revised 769,000 a week earlier. Jobless claims are now down sharply from a peak of 900,000 in early January and well below the 700,000-plus level they had been stuck at for months.
The decline in unemployment claims coincides with other evidence that the economy is strengthening as vaccinations accelerate, pandemic business restrictions are lifted in many states and Americans appear increasingly willing to travel, shop, eat out and otherwise spend again. In March, employers added a healthy 916,000 jobs, the most since August, and the unemployment rate fell to 6 percent, less than half the pandemic peak of 14.8 percent.
Other healthy economic data was reported Thursday, underscoring that a potential boom, much-anticipated by economists, may be getting under way. Trillions of dollars of government stimulus, including $1,400 checks largely distributed last month, have maintained overall household income despite widespread job losses in the pandemic.
Those checks, supplemented by higher savings that many households have managed to build, drove retail sales sharply higher in March. Sales at stores, car dealers, restaurants and bars jumped 9.8 percent. It was the biggest gain since retail sales soared 18 percent in May of last year in a partial bounce-back from the virus’ initial blow.
“Today’s report shows just how willing American consumers are to spend when the means and options are available,” said Maria Solovieva, an economist at TD Bank. “Fast vaccination and removal of restrictions burst the spending floodgates wide open.”
For the week ending March 27, 16.9 million people were continuing to collect unemployment benefits, down from 18.2 million in the previous week. That decline suggests that some of the unemployed are being called back to jobs.
Yet the still-high number of ongoing recipients shows that even as the economy has improved in recent weeks, millions are facing a loss of a job or income and have been struggling to pay bills or rent. The last time the jobless rate was this low, weekly claims were around 350,000, still well below their current level.
Economists point to a range of potential explanations. Some states are still struggling to clear backlogs of applications from previous weeks. As a result, jobless claims being reported now may stem from layoffs that occurred weeks ago. Other states are also facing what they suspect is a sizable number of fraudulent claims for unemployment aid. SOVEREIGNPH